Collected Correspondence


Further Information and Corrections Q-Z

The entries below, in which amendments and additions appear in red, should be regarded as replacements in full for the current entries except where otherwise indicated.

AMEND 5th paragraph:

Caroline (Callee) Justina Raikes (1841–1894), was a daughter of Judge Charles Raikes, and sister of William Alves Raikes, Callee lived at 15 Kensington Gardens Terrace, London, with her sister Justina (Tina) Charlotte Sarah Raikes (1844–1919) and their brother Frederick Duncan Raikes (1849–1915).

AMEND 7th-8th paragraphs:

Charles Stanley Montgomery Raikes (1879–1945) was the son of William and Vera Raikes. He aspired to a dramatic career against his family's wishes. He produced Bantock's (q.v.) Omar Khayyam at the Court Theatre, London, in 1923 and was considered as the designer for The Starlight Express. He died at Stratford-upon-Avon. In 1908 he married Katherine Alice Nigel Jones. Their son, Raymond Montgomery Raikes (1910–1998), was educated at Uppingham and Exeter College, Oxford. He was an actor and a BBC Radio producer. Charles' second wife was the singer Greta Gjeruldsen (1913-2007), whom he married in 1931. Their daughter, Grethe Alves Raikes, was born in 1935. She became a speech and drama teacher and in 1962 married Barry Smith.
Cyril Probyn Napier Raikes (1875–1963) was the youngest of the four sons of Robert and Harriette Raikes. He was a director of the British Oxygen Company. In 1905 he married Dora Roberts (1879–1954), the daughter of Lieutenant-Colonel Napier Roberts of the King's Regiment and referred to in the diaries as Napier's Dora'. Their elder daughter, Iris Mary Raikes (1909–1995), was a riding instructor and a published poet. Their younger daughter, Daphne Veronica Raikes (1911-2012), was a physiotherapist.

AMEND 11th paragraph:

Frederick Duncan Raikes (1848–1915) was the brother of William Alves Raikes. Born in the East Indies and educated at Sandhurst, he served in the Bombay Staff Corps and in 1897 was appointed Commissioner Burma.

AMEND 13th paragraph:

Alice's uncle, Robert Napier Raikes (1813–1909), joined The East India Company, helped to put down the Indian Mutiny and became a General in the Bengal Army. At the end of the mutiny he was made Remount Agent for Upper India and in 1865 returned to England after an absence of over 35 years. In 1854 he married Harriet Beckett (1834–1909), the daughter of Major Beckett of the Bengal Army. She died only a week after her husband. Their daughter Ethel Florence Raikes (1872–1962) married Alexander Duncan Turnbull (1863–1914) of the Assam Tea Company in 1897, and divorced four years later. Another daughter, Mabel (1863–1948), is also mentioned in the diaries.

INSERT comma in heading as above; text of entry is unchanged.

AMEND 6th paragraph:

Sir Henry's nephew, Colonel Edward Roberts (1841-1904), son of Charles Roberts, married Maria (Minnie) Bacchus (1840–1913) in 1865. She was the daughter of William Bacchus, a glass manufacturer. Edward and Maria lived in Philbeach Gardens, Earls Court, London. Alice called on Minnie in January 1910 with Richard Dighton (q.v.).

Miss Rogers came to tea at Hereford in September 1897.


AMEND 3rd paragraph:

Edward John Spark (1829–1918) was an organist and choirmaster in Exeter before moving to Leeds with his brothers. In 1870 he established a music business in Worcester in competition with the Elgar brothers and was organist of Holy Trinity, Worcester. He promoted a series of concerts in Worcester for many years.

The Elgars spent an afternoon with the Speers on their launch' in the Lake District in August 1916. Edward Speyer's daughter, Lalla Vandervelde, was staying with the Elgars, so it is possible that the Speers were in fact the Speyers.

Ellen was house-parlour maid at Forli from May to November 1892, believed to be Ellen Spenser (b. 1873 from Welland, near Malvern, who went into domestic service at an early age. She was the daughter of William Spenser (1840- –191906), a farm labourer. In 1900 she married Samuel Freeman (1873–1912), a domestic gardener. They moved to Guilford, Surrey, where Samuel worked as a road labourer for the Rural District Council.

Edgar Speyer (1862–1932), youngest son of the banker Gustavus Speyer and cousin of Edward Speyer, was born in New York and educated in Frankfurt. He joined his father's bank, later moving to London to head up Speyer Brothers. He was Chairman of the Queen's Hall Orchestra and, among other things, financed many of London's deep-level tube lines. He became a privy councillor, but suffered harassment during the Great War and emigrated to America after the war. In 1902 he married Leonora von Stosch (1872–1956), daughter of Count Ferdinand von Stosch. Leonora was born in Washington. A violin pupil of Ysaÿe (q.v.), she appeared many times as soloist with Henry Wood (q.v.). She was the first to play the Andante of the Violin Concerto in trial performances with Elgar at the piano.

AMEND 1st paragraph:

Edward Anton Speyer (1839–1934) was the son of a Frankfurt merchant and amateur composer. He knew a vast range of musicians; from Mozart's son Carl, Rossini, Spohr, Mendelssohn and Liszt to Brahms, Joachim (q.v.) and Clara Schumann. He settled in London in 1859, becoming a naturalised British subject in 1885. His house, Ridgehurst, in Hertfordshire, was noted for its musical gatherings. A distinguished patron of music, he sponsored the 1902 London visit of the Meiningen Orchestra whose programmes included the Enigma' Variations. Elgar wrote the brief Smoking Cantata on a visit to Ridgehurst.
AMEND 3rd paragraph:

Edward and Helena's eldest daughter, Charlotte Hélène Frederica Maria Speyer (1870–1965), known as Lalla', married her step-uncle, Hubert Kufferath, in 1892. They divorced, and in 1891 she married Émile Guillaume Vandervelde (q.v.) in 1901. A part-time actress and writer, she was involved in Chelsea on Tip- Toe, for which Elgar wrote The Sanguine Fan.
AMEND 8th paragraph:

Edward was born in Germany and educated at Eton and Oxford. In 1931 he married the Hon. Beatrice Sophie Liddell (1906–1987), daughter of the 6th Baron Ravensworth.

Gilbert Stacey was the professional name of the pianist, conductor and arranger John Gilbert Stacey Henderson. He was born in Elvaston, Derbyshire, the son of Henry Henderson, an elementary school teacher, and was educated at Lichfield Cathedral, where he was a chorister, and at the Schola Cantorum, Paris. Elgar wrote to him in 1926 thanking him for a good performance. In later life Henderson ran a book shop in Lewes, Sussex, where a room was devoted to his extensive collection of Elgariana.

Caroline (Lena) Craufuird Sterndale (1876–1937), born in India, was the daughter of Henry Barlow Sterndale (1838–1919) of the Indian Army. Lena and one of her numerous cousins came to lunch at Plâs Gwyn in August 1909 and she and her father came to tea at Severn House in May 1912.

AMEND 2nd paragraph:

After the death in 1857 of his first wife, Jane Cocks, daughter of the Rector of Leigh, within two years of their marriage, he married Elizabeth Parker (1836–1932), daughter of Rev. Charles Hubert Parker, Rector of Great Comberton, in 1862. She came to lunch at Forli in February 1895.

The violinist George Stratton was born in Southgate, Middlesex, the son of George Stratton, a picture frame maker, and studied at the Guildhall School of Music. He was leader of the London Symphony Orchestra from 1933 to 1953 and a Professor of Violin at the Royal College of Music. He was brought to Severn House by his teacher Benno Hollander in November 1920 to play to Elgar. In 1933 his quartet recorded the String Quartet and Piano Quintet for HMV and the records gave Elgar much pleasure in his last illness.

A housemaid at Plâs Gwyn from June 1909, Edith was the daughter of Thomas Taylor, the estate carpenter at Wessington Court, Woolhope, Herefordshire.

Milicent was the 2nd daughter of Edmund Charles Tennyson-D'Eyncourt of Bayons Manor, Tealby, Lincolnshire, a London Metropolitan Magistrate. In 1914 she married Thomas Raikes Lovett Thompson, Alice's great-nephew. They had two sons and one daughter. They were divorced in 1936 and she later married Captain Patrick Crohan. Alice met her at his mother's house in February 1914 and thought that she seemed very nice girl'. In May 1914 Elgar was a witness in a Copyright case heard by Edmund.

AMEND 2nd paragraph:

Her son Sir Thomas Raikes Thompson, 3rd Bart (1852–1904) married Alice Maude Lovett (1850–1934), the daughter of a sergeant-major in the Indian Army, in 1880. Their eldest son, Sir Thomas Raikes Lovett Thompson, 4th Bart (1881–1964), was educated at Rugby and had an army career. In 1914 he married Milicent Ellen Jean Tennyson-D'Eyncourt (1895–1983), daughter of Edmund Charles Tennyson-D'Eyncourt (q.v.) of Bayons Manor, Tealby. They divorced in 1936 and in 1943 he married Ellinor Mary Pugh.

Henrietta Fellowes Thompson was the daughter of Frank Wayland Fellowes and wife of Harry Grant Thompson (1854–1910), a New Haven industrialist. Alice lunched with her in New Haven in June 1905.

H. Matthias Turton was born in Leeds, Yorkshire, the son of George Edward Turton, a grocer. An organist and music teacher, he founded the Leeds Choral Society in 1902, remaining its conductor until he emigrated to Canada in 1926 to become organist of the Erskine Presbyterian Church in Montreal. He died in Toronto. He wrote to Elgar in 1917 to tell him of a forthcoming concert of the Leeds Choral Society, in which it was hoped to perform Lux Christi.

The Elgars met Fraulein von Kapp at Ridgehurst, Edward Speyer's (q.v.) home in Hertfordshire, in December 1902. She is thought to be from the Von Kap-Herr family, members of the German nobility.

The Elgars went to the theatre with Lieutenant von Meisenberg in Dresden in May 1902.

Von Possart was a German actor and director of the Bavarian royal theatres, where he produced Mozart operas and Shakespeare plays. The Elgars saw him at a Richard Strauss (q.v.) concert at Queen's Hall in June 1902, at which he recited several of Heine's poems.

William Waddle was born in Billy Row, Durham, the son of Thomas Waddle, an engine fitter. He spent a lifetime in engineering, starting as a clerk and ending up as a company director. As hon. secretary of the Sunderland Philharmonic Society he sent a telegram of congratulations to Elgar in 1910 after the first performance of the Violin Concerto.

AMEND fifth paragraph:
Their son Alan Walter Blair Webb (1900–1992) taught modern languages at Lancing College and at Bryanston School, where one of his pupils was the conductor John Eliot Gardiner. Alan was Curator of the Elgar Birthplace from 1966 to 1972. In 1928 he married Joan Helen Browne (1902–1978), daughter of Rev. Austin Leland Browne. Alan, Joan and their two sons, Michael Timothy Webb (b. 1929) and John David Webb (b. 1932) feature in Carice's diaries

The solicitor Robert Arthur Whitting (1837–1925) was born in Thorney, Cambridgeshire, the son of a farmer, William Whitting. In 1861 he married Isabella Catherine Gregory (1836–1923). Born in Marylebone, London, she was the daughter of Dr George Gregory. The Whittings lived at 10 Lexham Gardens, Earls Court, with their daughters Mary Elizabeth, Eleanor Phillipa and Agnes Harriett. Alice visited their home in June 1890.

The sister of Rose Berkeley (q.v.), Ellen Willmott was a famous gardener and a Life Fellow of the Royal Horticultural Society. She did much to enlarge and enhance the gardens at Spetchley Park. She was an amateur violinist and a supporter of the Bach Choir. The Elgars met her at Spetchley in September 1916.

WILSON, PATTEN 1869–1934
The artist and designer Patten Wilson was born in Shropshire, the son of Rev. William Wilson, a schoolmaster. In 1901 at Elgar's request he designed the cover for Boosey's publication of the Cockaigne Overture.

See expanded entry for WOLFF, JOHANNES 1863–1931

The violinist Johannes Wolff was born in The Hague and studied in Dresden and Paris. He came to London in 1889 and later joined the staff of the Guildhall School of Music. In January 1891 the Elgars attended a recital given by the young Jean Gerardy (q.v.), Harry Plunkett Greene (q.v.) and Wolff at St James's Hall. He wrote to Elgar in the late 1890s, reminding him of his promise to write a violin concerto for him.

Geoffrey Winthrop Young (1876–1958), second son of Sir George Young, a good friend of Edward Speyer (q.v.), was a writer and mountaineer. He was educated at Marlborough and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he wrote The Roof Climber's Guide to Trinity. From 1900 to 1905 he was assistant master at Eton. Despite losing a leg in the Great War he continued mountaineering, climbing the Matterhorn in 1928.

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