Elgar portrait -
from a painting belonging to Arthur Reynolds

ELGAR
an Elgar Timeline
- - -
Events of 100 Years Ago


1909

January

7
The Aero-Club de France grants its first 15 pilot's licenses: number 1 is Louis Bleriot and number 15 is Wilbur Wright.

14
Winston Churchill declares England the best country in the world for rich men.

16
Birth of entertainer Ethel Merman.

17
In New York Oscar Hammerstein announces his intention to make opera more accessible with eight months of opera beginning on 16 August.

23
A direct 7,000-mile telegraphic link is established between London and India.

25
The first performance is given of Richard Strauss's opera Elektra.

January
1 Another London performance of the Symphony: "E. to Rehearsal Queen’s Hall - A. there too - Very, very good rehearsal - Symphony in aftn. Overwhelming Tremendous demonstration of enthusiasm. E. conducted splendidly & looked nobilmente as if he were his Music."
2 Rosa Newmarch writes to Elgar: "I feel that I just want to say quietly how full of beautiful things the Symphony is when one hears it as we did yesterday. I don’t think even downright misinterpretation would ever spoil the beauty of the middle movements. They are more or less safe with every one all over the world, because they must touch people’s hearts, even if they are somewhat shorn of their subtlety and intimate meaning. But the Finale was a different thing in your own reading. I must confess, fine as the first performance was in many points, Richter made the finale – which I found so interesting on paper – anything but simpatico. So I went away, as one so often does after hearing a Symphony, wishing a little that it stopped at the third movement! But yesterday I felt quite differently. You have given me the Symphony whole again."
3 William Mann Dyson writes to Alice: "Thank you for your very kind letter. I was afraid there was small chance of a ticket. Fortunately an old pupil sent me one, or I am afraid I should not have been able to get a seat, and so I had the great privilege of hearing the symphony and of being a spectator of the grand demonstration. It was indeed a proud moment for me who had known Sir Edward long ago. I think the symphony exceeds all that I have read about it – truly grand, and very beautiful. I shall like to hear it again soon."
4 Relaxing in Plas Gwyn.
5 Relaxing in Plas Gwyn.
6 "E. & A. to the Chère Maison [Schuster's] again. A Warm welcome -"
7 "E. to Rehearsal Queen’s Hall - A. there too - Very delightful Evening Concert. Most perfectly gorgeous - Crowded & enthusiastic audience. A. with Frank, Claude, & Lady Charles. V. & Mrs. Hill close by. Bavarians & Sea Pictures beautiful & most enjoyable even after Symphony. Mr. Littleton, Claude, Dr. McNaught to supper at Frank's, very nice time -"
8 Frank Damrosch writes to Elgar: "Many thanks for your kind note and for your good wishes. You have been much in our thoughts these days, for we are full of the splendid Symphony and glad that it was received with enthusiasm. I have heard it three times and each new hearing deepens its impression. It is the real Elgar – new, but ever true!"
9 The Worcester Herald announces a forthcoming performance of the Symphony in Worcester: "Worcester is not to wait long for an opportunity or hearing Sir Edward Elgar’s Symphony. The Festival Choral Society, with a degree of courage that is justified by past successes and by public confidence in its capacity has arranged to include this remarkable composition in the programme of a concert to be given late in February. The orchestra is hard at work rehearsing the Symphony, a task full of interest and delight to earnest musicians."
10 Alice writes to Carice: "Just back from Concert. Delightful performance of “Wand”. Wild Bear had to be repeated, ‘Little Bells’, perfect. Faser is resting & we are to dine at the Beresfords, the Admiral is at home – Met them at Concert – Trust all well & trust will enjoy dances thoroughly – We hope to arr. Brighton at 4.7 tomorrow. Much love & love to Mrs. Acworth Yr loving C.A.E."
11 The Elgars travel to Brighton for the Musical Festival, staying with the Littletons.
12 Walter Damrosch writes to Elgar: "Immediately after the first performance of your Symphony we started on a tour or I would have written to you long ere this to tell you what an overwhelming effect the work made on us and on the public. I am more happy about it than I can tell you. The orchestra rehearsed it faithfully and with enthusiasm and everything went splendidly at both performances in New York. I have rarely seen and audience in such transports of enthusiasm from the first movement on."
13 Elgar conductrs Gerontius with the Sacred Harmony Society of 200 voices, and the Brighton Municipal Orchestra. The soloists are Alice Lakin, John Coates, and William Higley. "Sir Edward Elgar found all the material ready to his hand when he took his place at the conductor’s stand, and he made the best use of it. As a conductor he does not obtrude himself upon the attention of the audience; but one saw at once that he held a grasp of power over all his forces, swaying them with a strength to which they could not but instantly respond. A characteristic was the way, when requiring a sforzando passage, he would strike as with the stroke of a hammer, and the music would leap instantly into flaming sound."
14 The Elgars are back at Schuster's.
15 "Sir Lawrence Jones & daughter to tea. Very nice visit. E. came in looked very withering at first but softened later - All to 'Pinkie & the Fairies' in Evening. Some of it rather nice - especially Ellen Terry."
16 Elgar conducts the Symphony again: "Very very beautiful & uplifting to hear - Gt. audience & immense enthusiasm - Lord Charles Beresford & Lady C. came to Artists room full of wonder & delight. E. & A. & Frank to Rheingold in Evening. Very dull, E. very bored & depressed."
17 "A. to Cathedral - E. A. & Frank lunched with S. Wortleys - Afterwards they all to Zoo - A. to call on Miss Paget, endless journey, Beresfords' - Mr. Hansell & Kalisch to tea - Mr. L. Holland, Made Froj to dinner - & Claude."
18 "Left the chère maison & its kind Master, home corridor. C. cab. Cold day - Found all well - E very depressed - disappointed at material prospects &c."
19 E beginning chesty cough.
20 At Plas Gwyn.
21 At Plas Gwyn.
22 At Plas Gwyn.
23 At Plas Gwyn.
24 Elgar writes to Ivor Atkins: "I’ve just crept out of bed & write a few notes - first to you. I’ve a beastly cold & chest - going, I think & as soon as possible I start away. I shall not be well enough to start tomorrow, but as I said, I fly as soon as I can cease coughing etc."
25 The planned holiday in Italy is delayed by Elgar's illness.
26 Henry Clayton writes to Elgar: "First I send you the Brighton cheque for £36.5.0. I have sent a receipt on your behalf; so, as the transaction will not pass through our Books, a mere acknowledgement from you will be all that I want. As regards performing fees for performances of the Symphony already taken place, which amount to 7 all told in England, you have been paid for the three you conducted yourself. We owe you Thirty-five Guineas for the other four."
27 The Elgars are still at Plas Gwyn.
28 William Ashton Ellis writes to Elgar from Brighton: "Ever since our Musical Festival I have been longing to write & thank you not only for yr splendid works, but also for the new spirit of presence & conducting have infused into our municipal band & its highly capable & receptive conductor; but until this moment I have not had half an hour to devote to the purpose, whereas I cd. not have contented myself with a mere brief couple of lines."
29 "All this a gray time. Some sunny days with frost - E. very depressed not caring for music or Ark - but working in latter -"
30 At Plas Gwyn.
31 "E. & A. & C. & May to Church 11 - Music dreadful - Dr. Sinclair to tea -"

February

8
The British Cabinet announces new navy plans which include six Dreadnoughts.

11
Birth of American film director Joseph Mankiewicz.

17
Geronimo, the famous Apache leader, dies.

23
John McCurdy in Nova Scotia flies the Aerial Experiment Association's Silver Dart biplane - the first flight of heavier-than-air machine in Canada.

February
1 "E. & A. for walk E. very out of spirits & depressed talk -"
2 Elgar writes to Henry Clayton: "I am sure you do your best for me but the incredible meanness of Queen's Hall annoys me, more than I should reasonably let it do so, after the exuberant protestations of Edgar Speyer & the rest. Wood is paid an annual salary so that point is not quite as you assumed. They pay any foreigner 4, 5, 6, 7 or even 8 times the amount given to me & lose largely over the visitor because they say its good for art. It annoys me that the money they really make out of me is spent on other people. This is all by the way but it relieves my feelings"
3 "A. in bed with cold. E. in Ark &c - slightly better spirits."
4 "E. decided to go to Llandrindod - Started 12.30 train Connelly Cab, A. got up & saw some of his packing. Had a very hapsy tiss before starting. A. in study afterwards."
5 Elgar sends a postcard to Peter Rabbit: "I wish you were here. 6.50 am & raining!"
6 "Very good accounts of E. Lovely day sunny & spring like. A. not down -"
7 "Good accounts of E. He had a lovely sunny day, & walked on the hills & basked in the Sun - Dr. C. came & syringed A.'s ears - gah, gah - A. in drawing room later -"
8 "E. at Llandrindod. Good accounts. Had had rather a sunless Sunday & cold - A. in drawing room part of day. Pweaked to E. in evg."
9 "E. at Llandrindod. Letter sounds not quite so well. raser neuralgia - The beautiful Piano arrt. of the Symphony arrived today. A. in drawing room pt. of the day."
10 "Good accounts from E. at Llandrindod. says he is returning soon - Wet & raw - some snow falling with the rain this morning."
11 "E. at Llandrindod - For long walk with another Mr. Lloyd-Williams. about 8 miles -"
12 "E. at Llandrindod - Very cold again - A. better. E. writing depressed letters. C. played in Hockey Match."
13 "E. returned safely. D.G. about 12.30. Connelly cab. Seemed better for change & amused at it all - He & C. for long walk in P.M. Old Bridge in Fields &c -"
14 "C. & May to Church. E. badsley headache. A. raser porsley -"
15 Elgar writes to Alfred Littleton: "I arrived home on Saturday & am not at all well - cold affecting liver of course: it stops all work & I must be contented to be idle musically the rest of my life I suppose, as going away is not possible. Alas! However I have been quite disillusioned as to the musical world for some years & have no ambition so I say farewell to it without the slightest regret."
16 "Ord out all day - Back to dinner he & E. great talks. C. upstairs with cold -"
17 E;gar dines at Marlborough House: "Dinner 7.25 Ordinary evening dress, star & decorations but no Riband. After Dinner at Marlborough House, The Prince of Wales and His Royal Highness’ guests proceed to the Smoking Concert of the Royal Amateur Orchestra Society, which commences at the Queen’s Hall at 9 o’clock"
18 "E. in London Pd. calls so dood - Beresfords, Levetts, S. Wortleys - May to Evening Herefd. Concert. C. better. E. wrote that at the Concert when finding chairs, the Prince sd. Come & sit here Sir Edwd. so he was in front Armchair he & Parry places of honour at dinner"
19 "E. returned by corridor all safe Gott sei Dank. C. & May to Hereford Concert - Wand of Youth (part of it) &c -"
20 "Wonderful sunny day frost. E. busy in Ark. Troyte rode over to tea - & stayed."
21 "Troyte here - Sunny wonderful day frost - E. & T. for ride in P.M. & afterwards walked to ask after Mr. Gurney."
22 "E. busy in Ark. Troyte left after breakfast. Wonderful sunny day - frost. Miss Weares to tea to talk about house."
23 "E. to Llandrindod at 12.30. Connelly. Had a nice journey, Went to Stokesay Castle & went over it with nice old lady. Had a ride after reaching the Gwalia. C. better & to Lecture. Sunny day frost."
24 "E. at Llandrindod nice little pweak & letter - had a ride to Penny-Ront. Edith ill in town - Connelly cab to fetch her home - Carice better."
25 "E. at Llandrindod - Nice little pweak in Evening. Very grim cold - frost & East wind. Miss Weare to see about taking house for few weeks - Mr. Hull to tea."
26 "C & May to Ludlow to Mrs. Barnet at 11.30. walked - E: at Llandrindod. Grim grey E. wind day."
27 Elgar writes to Ivor Atkins: "I am not well & dodging wintry ailments with no success & cannot afford to go away yet: so I feel that I wish I had never burdened the earth with any attempts at good work but had been a trifling commercial success with such rot as is beloved of that providence that shapes our ends: yes, I regret the serious work I have done - which is a sad saying."
28 "E. headache cold &c, for short walk in aftn."

March

1
Lloyd George tells Parliament that the old age pension is more popular than expected.

5
Parliament that daylight-saving would check people's physical deterioration.

19
The first international aircraft exhibition opens; the most expensive is £1,440.

2
The British Prime Minister says there is no friction between Britain and Germany.

23
Shackleton finds the magnetic South Pole.

March
1 "Very cold, grey. grim. E. looking vesy porsley. Bad cold. In Ark in morning. A. thought of Madeira E. pleased with idea."
2 "E. badsley cold. Cd. not go to London as intended. Very cold A little sun. E. in bed -"
3 "E. shade better. Sat up a little in bedroom in Evening."
4 "E. better & down in study for a short time,"
5 "Gt scene with Mrs. Sandals, Cook. Came in intoxicated & on being told by E. in study she must go, became infuriated. insisting on wages, & when threatened with Police raved & shrieked & seized chairs & shook her fists at us. Eventually Police removed her in cab. Connelly cab came but was not used."
6 "Snowing hard all day. Very heavy thick snow. Less cold - E. better - less cough."
7 "E. somewhat better. Out for short walk. Dr. Sinclair & Mr. Hampton to tea -"
8 "Cold wretched weather. E. somewhat better."
9 "Rough chilly day. E. better & resolved to start. To Exeter at 12.16 C. cab. good journey. Found Rougemont Hotel very antiquated. Gas. & all old & not comfortable - Liked the town - Tried Mrs. Wiggs' but again fled -"
10 "E. at Exeter. Very bad weather rain, cold &c -"
11 "Very bad weather E. telegraphed shd. return. Arrived 2.25 train. C. cab."
12 "Mr. Pointer here - E. & he out in morning. Called on Gortons, Dr. Sinclair &c - To see Hockey Match in aftn."
13 "Mr. Pointer left corridor. C. cab. Seemed so happy here. E. played things to him. E. & C. for long walk in P.M. Called to ask after Ct. Lubienski - Troyte came late dinner-time - after chess."
14 "Snow showers early. Blowy. Gleams of sun. Troyte & E. for walk."
15 "Troyte left by train - E. dined with Dr. Sinclair Dr. Ashe & Canon Gorton."
16 "Better day. E. A. & C. to Weobley for drive. C. car - Delightful to be out once more & scenery beautiful. Still much snow to be seen -"
17 "Cold still."
18 "E. busy in Ark."
19 "In aftn. to field by Littey & tried Kite & little parachute. First walk for A. for so long. Kite caught in hedge & broke."
20 "E. A. & C. to Brockhampton to dine. Fosters sent car & sent them home. Nice drive & pleasant friendly Evening. Ct. Louis Bodenham Lubiensky died."
21 "Lovely morning All to Belmont - C. car. Lovely there. Dr. Sinclair & Mr. Hull to tea - E. & C. for walk."
22 "Dull but milder - E. busy clearing Ark &c - For short walk with A. in aftn. Grab patience all the Evening."
23 Elgar writes to Alice Stuart-Wortley: "I know you are all doubly, trebly engaged, so don't think of me. I only humbly report (principally in the hope that my personal friend may not forget me) 1) that I am here: 2) that I am alive: 3) that I am miserably alone!: 4) that I am (not doubly or trebly) bassly (no, basely) engaged in business pursuits: meaning publishers."
24 Elgar write to Troyte Griffith from The Athenaeum: "I came up yesterday for dentistry & other woes & may not come back to H'ford before foreign flight, & fear (alliterative prose) ... I have an idea that Troyte after all is derived from detritus & not truite - altho' the reason you liked Schubert's Forelle may be that you are derived from the same root or rather Quelle I suppose."
25 Elgar writes to Alice Stuart-Wortley: "My dear Carrie. (That’s what I hear other nice people say & so why should not I? - I may be nice someday). This is only to say I can't retire for the night without sending this to thank you for coming and for the flowers."
26 "E. at Langham. C. played hockey match -"
27 "A. busy, preparing, & settling house for letting - E. in London, dined with the Stuart Wortleys, Lord Charles Beresford & the R. Talbots there. Lord C. told terrible tale of naval unpreparedness. Most thrilling. He & E. back in a taxi -"
28 Elgar writes to Peter Rabbit: "My dear & revered Maesto Pietro D’Alba, I congratulate you on your appearance in the public press – see the D. Telegraph of this date."
29 Elgar writes again to Peter: "My dear Peter: I was at a restaurant – a busy one [zu never get zu rest aright at any rest a wrong] & after deciding on a steak [how much is there at stake?] I enquired for vegetables - & selected with deliberation & distinct professional pronunciation Boiled potatoes and a cauliflower: my exquisitely modulated request was transformed & shouted down a tube by the waiter in a hoarse voice:- “Colly & boiled – one!”"
30 "Lovely morning. E. home by corridor Connelly C. A. walked to town & returned with him. He had seen At. Harriets death in the papers. So nice to have E. safes home."
31 "Cold - E. busy in Ark &c & preparing kites -"

April

3
A memorial to Keats and Shelley is opened in Rome.

9
Caruso broadcasts from the Metropolitan Opera to the house of Lee De Forest, inventor of three-element tube, which made radio possible.

14
The Anglo-Persian Oil Co. formed to operate the D'Arcy concession in Persia.

18
Beatification of Joan of Arc.

22
A Bill to abolish the censorship of plays is introduced in the House of Commons.

April
1 "A. into town in A.M. Connelly C. one way. Things for house. &c. E. C. & May to Lugg Meadows to fly Kites after lunch - Enjoyed it."
2 "Fine day, rather cold. At. Harriet, (Mrs. Robert Raikes) buried at Longhope, that day week after Uncle Robert's funeral there - Quite short illness, did not recover shock of Uncle Robert's death. All to Lugg Meadows & flew kites"
3 "E. C. & May to fly kites - Lugwardine Meadows - Cold - good kite wind - A. very busy settling house &c."
4 "Fine - rather cold. A. to Church at 9. Connelly C. both ways. Dr. Sinclair lectured on 'The Black Knight' in Shire Hall - & came up afterwards -"
5 "E. worked all day at tarring Ark. Lovely day - A. to Malvern at 12.50 & had coat altered & saw Mrs. Acworth & home - walked up -"
6 "E. to London. C. cab. Busy with Ark & lovely day - nearly put off going at last moment before starting - Got out at Worcester & had long walk & arrived late at Langham. A. with him to station after hugsy tiss A. went on into Malvern had coat altered & saw Mr. Acworth & home. Walked up -"
7 "E. in London - Went into Concert & heard parts of the Symphony at Queen's Hall & saw Dr. Richter. Went to School for Scandal much peased. A. & C. to Cheltenham C. cab saw the Probyn cousins who seemed so pleased but looked so ill & anxious. Saw Kitty Parker & Mary Dighton stray hansom back."
8 "E. in London - Good news of Concert day before & very hopeful news of Symphony performances. E. pleased. D.G. for things going better. A. very busy with house preparations &c. C. & May to Belmont for Tenebrae -"
9 "C. & May to Church at 10 - Lovely day, very hot. Saw 4 swallows in the aftn. on the stable - E. crossed over to Paris - Hotel des deux Mondes. Symphony at Queen’s Hall Henry Wood. Large audience."
10 "E. in Paris. A. had p. card & letter from him written in train & lovely telegram early saying safe & comfortable. Lovely weather, extraordinarily hot. A. & C. C. Victoria to call on Lady Croft & then to Ana, Lady Croft. Found her in garden. Very nice long visit. Most delightful for driving. May long Dinmore expedition with Gortons."
11 "A. & C. to Belmont C. carr. Began as usual but A. thought it wd. be 10.30 most beautiful there. Stopped at Cathedral & heard the "At the Sepulchre” from 'The Apostle’! Music not of earth so wonderful - Lovely day. Rather overcast in P.M. & colder wind. Trust E. having nice day in Paris. Some Gortons to tea."
12 "C. still poorly. A. usual struggle at getting house ready, & travelling things ready. Very nightmarish. so little help in house, rather stormy -"
13 "C. rather poorly still. A. very busy & worried at nightmare of getting house ready, so shorthanded. E. sent good accounts A. & May to call on Duncombes & see Gortons - Connelly cab into town shopping &c. Walked back."
14 "A. very busy. Trying to settle house &c - Dr. & Mrs. Collens took C. out in Car. C. better. Very nightmarish, no cook & Nora very helpless. Very good accounts of E. Deo Gratias."
15 "A. & C. to 39 Wilton Crest. Left by corridor. Connelly cab. May rode to station, sad at parting with us. A. very busy all the morning paying servants &c &c - Plas Gwyn beginning to look Spring like - Margaret gave us such a warm welcomes A. & C out a little while - Went into Cathedral - Westminster - Wrote to E."
16 "E. in Paris. A. & C. with Lady Margaret. She & many servants left about 12. for Wychnor. Lovely day. Rose came & took C. away for lunch &c, Richard & A. out to lunch. A. then to see Miss Vaughan for May - & to Debenham &c. A. & C. stayed in in evg. & prepared for start."
17 "E. in Paris. Going out with Mr. Whittemore - A. & C. left Wilton Crest. at 9.15 - Comfortable start from Victoria. Lovely sea calm as a river. Good journey in most comfortable train. E. met them at G. Lazare. Looking well & very fine, high hat &c - Dined in Hotel. & so to bed. E. much to tell & had been very happy in Paris & amused. He took C. out after dinner for short time."
18 Elgar writes to Canon Gorton: "My dear Canon Gorton, I hope you are enjoying such weather as we have been blessed with here: Paris is alive &, in a curious way, inspiring: all cities are built on seven somethings. Rome on seven hills Hereford (!) on the cardinal virtues I suppose very much buried & Paris certainly on the seven deadly sins – which make life worth looking at if not worth having: this is nonsense & wd. ‘go’ better in French than in English – or in Ovid’s Latin. Alice & Carice have arrived & send all messages we travel to Florence on Tuesday."
19 "At Hotel des deux Mondes arranged packing & waited for Pippa. E. & she to settle tickets &c. A. & C. to Magasin des Louvres. Very hot. Lunched at Hotel, Pippa too. Mr. Whittemore came in taxi & took us lovely round, Notre Dame, S. Etienne du Mont, S. Gervais, S. Germain des Pres, S. Sulpice - &c &c, & to see his flat - A. not favourably impressed - Then tea at Chatham, very nice. Pippa came late. E. A. & C. dined with Mr. W. at Foyot's. Delightful Evening."
20 "Left Hotel at 10. Lovely day. E. quite sorry to leave his nice little room. Quiet comfortable start. Pippa met us at S. Lazare. We had our sleeping Comptmts. & arranged ourselves. Very pretty thro’ the pleasant pays de France. In Evening beautiful mountains & sunset. Aix les Baines & Lake lovely. Went to bed early & most slept well."
21 "Woke up in Wagon lits. lovely hot day. All felt very dusty - but gay. Lovely along by Rappallo but difficult to see Sea side. Arr. Florence 11.30. A. & C. had some pollo at station & drove with small things (horse passed his own stable & refused to move) to the Villa. Explored & admired & then sat out & waited for Pippa & E. They arr. in 2 little cabs with the luggage. So like Italy, nothing else to be had - Had had grand fuss over getting it all. E. lunched in Florence - & asked for letters &c -"
22 "at Villa Silli. Most lovely, not too hot. Sat out on lawn - finished unpacking &c. E. & C. walked a little way, too dusty for Florence. (The Misses Weare to go to Plas Gwyn) having taken it till 3 June -) E. wrote some beautiful new music."
23 "Beautiful day. E. & C. drove into Florence at 10 - A. still slight cold, (wanted to go.) E. & C. saw much Art got rather tired. Rested in Uffizi. Back at 6.30. Pippa settled about carriage wh. made all delightful about getting out -"
24 "A. & Pippa into town at 10. Much shopping. Found music paper for E. & parasols - Duomo &c looked wonderful in summer light Town animated, full of foreigners. After tea E. & A. for little drive again - to Villa Reale, nice moments but not all nice roads."
25 "E. A. & C. to Church at 9. not impressive - Heavenly day & air - Butterflies, flowers, lizards, terrifying black ants! - Pippa & C. into town & tea at Villa Palmiera & to a Mascagni Concert previously -"
26 "Pippa & E. into town. E. met Miss Burley & went to lunch at the Villa with her & heard the extraordinary story about the girl she had charge of. A. & C. into town in aftn. & met Frank coming up. Brought E. back with us."
27 "A. & C. & Frank into town in morning. F. bought beautiful stuffs for cushions - & lost £20. he thinks, in Bank. Bore it splendidly."
28 "Pippa"
29 "Pippa & Frank into town - walked about & talked. After tea E. F. & Mr. W. A. & C. had lovely walk up to the wood on the hill - Lovely flowers & lights & views - In the garden after dinner - Nightingales & Cuckoos Mr. Whittemore arrived returning after lunch with Pippa & F."
30 "Frank, Mr. Whittemore A. & C. into town. Saw the Church of the Carmine with the Musaccio frescoes, S. Spirito, & the Bardia with the beautiful Mino di Fiesole tomb & the Baptistry - Windy & dusty. To the wood again by another way after tea."

May

12
Florence Nightingale celebrates her 90th birthday.

15
Birth of acto James Mason.

20
The Mauretania sets new Atlantic crossing record.

30
Birth of Benny Goodman.

May
1 "Into town with Frank & Mr. Whittemore. Frank left for Aix-les-Baines. E. badsley headache."
2 "E. vesy badsley in bed all day till Evening. Mr. W. A. & C. to Church at 9 -"
3 Porzia Gigliucci write to Carice: "So pleased to receive your card. A warm welcome to Italy again. Valeria is in Florence on a visit to our people there. I know the look of Florence in spring! Dear lovely Florence! Are you coming to Rome?! Love from your affec Porzia Gigliucci."
4 Alice write to Alice Stuart Wortley: "I have been wanting to send you a few lines from this lovely place, & to tell you Edward is looking so well & rested … E. had a pleasant time in Paris which he enjoyed much, I & Carice joined him for two very pleasant days, & then with our dear & kind hostess, arrived from U.S.A. we proceeded here, & until Sunday have had glorious weather, the world bathed in sunshine, the air scented with flowers & resounding with nightingales - . It is a very spacious Villa, the hall in Roman days was the Atrium & in later ages, it was one of the Medici Villas; the great Medici Villa where Lorenzo died is close by. I trust you will hear E.’s impressions, tonally, some day - some days we hear them already. We look on Fiesole but are separated by a deep valley, however E. & I walked there yesterday, as it was quite cold -"
5 "E. A. & C. & Mr. W. into town - To Badia again & to Bargello Mr. W. much pleased with some things & very mis over others - He went to Rome - E. A. & C. back to Villa Silli."
6 Alice write to Mrs W. A. Raikes: "Went to call on Blandfords but they had gone. Weather lovely again, air & views quite wonderful. Trust F. is better & that you are less anxious. It was really cold for 2 days We have had a nice time in Florence seeing beautiful things."
7 "E. for walk by his souse. E. A. & C. into town. E to dentist. Dr. E. Dunn who put gold crown on his toof. A. & C. to Uffizi, then lunched at Sletta d'Italia.& then to Fiesole in Train. Took carriage & drove out to Monte Fiano. Lovely drive. Beautiful views from house & such a warm welcome. Artistic home like interior - Lovely afn. nightingales, cuckoos & flowers. Home via Florence"
8 "Our dear Wedding day. E. & Pippa into town. E. brought A. charming book on Florence. A. & C. into town after tea - Went to Cantigati Works & to the Meynells. Nice visit. Saw Miss Burley there -"
9 "E. badsley in bed. A. & C. to Church & then into town. Saw Belle Arti Collecn. & the Cenacolo at the Ex Faligno Convent. For walk in Valley in aftn. quite different scenery. E. better as the morning went on -"
10 "Pouring with rain. E. & C. in closed carriage to find book. E. returned very infuriated - no book. Cleared & walks in P.M."
11 "E. & C. for little walk in Evening."
12 "E. & C. for long walk before luncheon, much delighted. A. to call on Mrs. Harter, very nice Villa."
13 Elgar sends The Angelus to Henry Clayton: "I enclose a short pt song - one, I hope of a Series - will you have it set up in 8vo. the usual way for me to see a proof as soon as possible"
14 "E. & A. to tea with Mr. Harris - Costa S. Giorgio - Drove long way round towards San Miniato but returned short way walking down steep old street. Wonderful garden, full of birds, heavy storms drenching rain."
15 "C. & Pippa into town. Found Littletons were at Hotel de Ville. A. & C. to call on Mrs. Mason - Lovely Villa & garden - very pleasant."
16 "E. badsley headache not up - A. & C. to Church at 9. More than usual breakfast scrimmage! A. & C. into town Went to S. M. Annunziata. Saw Mr. Littleton & Pearsons & they came up for very pleasant visit & tea."
17 Alice writes to Mrs. S Raikes: "A few lines to say how much I trust you are all well & Less anxious about F. I wish you cd. be here in this lovely warmth & air, it is so perfectly beautiful, & the flowers beyond words. We have only another week here, but may go to another villa at Venice, will let V. hear. Much love yr. loving C.A.E."
18 Elgar writes to Canon Gorton: "I was so happy at receiving your letter & to know that you had been to Morecambe: also, in a less way, happy that you liked my partsong - I wish I could have been present. We must talk over this & other things when I return, but it is good to know you were able to be amongst the music & see the good you have done. I am glad the papers give Morecambe its due credit as pioneer."
19 "A. & C. into town - Drove Mr. Littleton back to luncheon - Very hot - E. & A. & Pippa to Villa Fontanelle, had tea & saw house. Quite charmed. Garden lovely - Miss De Hoghton there."
20 "E. C. & A. to Church at 9. Very hot. E. A. & C. to lunch with Mr. Harris. Walked up steep old St. Mr. Horne learned in art & Botticelli there - very pleasant time Saw gardens &c. Then E. to Markes, A. & C. drove in Cascine & then went in to tea & fetched E. - Mr. Whittemore arrived late at Villa Silli."
21 On hearing of the death of Nimrod, Elgar writes to Isabella Jaeger: "Thank you most sincerely for your great kindness in writing: you know our deepest sympathies & prayers are with you & yours. The news came as a great shock & I cannot realise that the end is come & I am overwhelmed with sorrow for the loss of my dearest & truest friend."
22 Elgar writes to Ivor Atkins: "We leave in two days & weary & was - wasted wend we our way via venerable Verona & Venice to Virgornia & the Vaga. (Worcester & the Wye)"
23 "E. A. C. & Mr. Whittemore to Church - then E. C. & Mr. Glydden for long walk around Trispiano. Lovely walk - After dinner E. played Beethoven. E. very well & happy D.G."
24 "Pippa, Mr. Whittemore, Mr. Glydden to Florence, Pippa, C. & Mr. Glydden again to Florence & to the Cascine - E. & A. expected Mr. Harris - who came late with Miss Cottrell."
25 "C. Pippa & Mr Glydden into Florence -"
26 "Faser poorly in bed all day - Mr. Whittemore C. & A. into Florence, bought hats - & a spray. Overtook Mrs. Mason whose cab had come to a standstill Mr. W. not interested in her as he “was sure she wd. not have known who Fieino Marsilio was." E. got up late after dinner & played a little cards with his bean counters."
27 "Preparing to leave much against wish. Mr. Whittemore left. Windy. Mr. Welch came, all the way from U.S.A. to show E. his Opera libretto, E. dragged out to see him! then he went into Florence with Mr. Glydden - A. & C. to Florence later to Cooks much business tickets for Pisa."
28 "E. not vesy well - E. & A. left Villa Silli first about 9.15 - Very sorry to leave. Pippa & C. & Mrs. Glydden left soon afterwards. Nice drive & comsforble little journey to Pisa. Much impressed with Pisa at once. Large Hotel under repair & hardly any one else there. Walked & drove & saw wonderful Campanile & Baptistry & Duomo & the wonderful Campo Santo. E. quite carried away. Went again & saw it all in full moon. So quiet & lovely -"
29 "Out again before starting for Bologna - Wonderful route, fine scenery & incessant tunnels some of the way. Very hot. E. revived a Frenchman with the Spray. Much impressed with Bologna - Stayed at Hotel Pellegrino, not very nice. Very noisy. Walked & drove a great deal E. quite transported with admiration. But not at all well - Saw leaning towers &c."
30 "Went to S. Petronio. Very nice & quite nice music. Beautiful to see - Then in train for Venice - Arrived about 7. Pippa & C. & Mr. Glydden met us in lovely Gondola - Evening fairly clear. E. & A. so disappointed! the others in a state of rapture. It seemed like Bank holiday Whistling launches, opera airs in Chinese lantern let out &c."
31 "Went in Gondola. Walked about."

June

6
Birth of Sir Isaiah Berlin, philosopher and educator.

13
Shackleton arrives back in England after his Antarctic expedition.

18
The Wright brothers receive medals honouring their aeronautical achievements.

20
Birth of Errol Flynn in Tasmania.

21
The Mauretania cuts 50 minutes off the Atlantic crossing, going from New York to London in five days, eight hours.

22
First U.K. performance of Ethel Smyth's opera The Wreckers at His Majesty's Theatre.

June
1 "A. left letters at Lady Layard’s & Mrs. Eden's -"
2 "E.'s dear birfday. He & C. for walk at 5 A.M -"
3 Carice: "Elgar & my Mother made a detour to Pisa & Bologna; I stayed with Pippa & we all met again in Venice, with which he was disappointed because you could not see the beauty for the people, with the result that we were up at five one morning so as to walk round without interference."
4 Binyon writes to Elgar: "I hope that you will not have forgotten, though it is a good long time ago, meeting me at Mr Speyer’s. I remember then I had some talk with Lady Elgar and yourself on the subject of a possible opera – Do your thoughts ever turn in that direction? I am writing now, because I have found a subject which seems to me admirably suited for operatic treatment. I shall in any case treat it in dramatic for; but it seem to me even better suited for opera, so I thought I would first submit the subject to you, in case it would attract you. If it should, I would like very much to try to write the libretto. The story is Chinese, 8th century, - the great age of Chinese history."
5 Alice writes to Windflower: "We had to leave Careggi with much regret, but had a very nice time at Pisa & Bologna wh. impressed E. immensely. This is very wonderful & interesting; just at first too much like living in a postcard! but gondola life in these lovely moonlight nights is perfect - Trust you are all well. We are turning homewards on Monday via Bavaria - & its memories."
6 "Lovely day. Fest day Independence &c. S. Mark Piazza wonderful with flags. Saw Churches & gondolas about, E. & A. to the Edens later very nice, Lady Layard there - nice time, E. liked it. C. with Pippa to Lido, E. & Pippa, & Mr. G. to Piazza. Packed in Evening."
7 "Left Venice, Hotel Regina about 9.30 in Pippas Gondola with her & Mr. Glidden. Found A. had left her rings in drawer Mr. Glidden went back for them but did not return in time. Pippa very sad a(t) parting. Comfortable journey, no Crowd - Went to Laurenz della Riva, very nice, but mosquitoes! After lunch & before walked saw Scaligers Tombs, drove to S. Zenone S Anatasia Duomo"
8 "Left Verona about 9.30 for station long drive long dull street. Not sorry to leave Verona but glad to have seen it. Good journey compt. to ourselves all the way, & beautiful nearing the mountains. Went to Tiroler Hof & then to the Church, quite as impressive as ever -"
9 "E. & C. to see Church again at 1. started with A. for Lermoos - Found carriage at Trusb. Lovely - Stopped there & had coffee such a nice Inn, & had a Post Wagen on; grand uniform & horn. Lovely drive to Nasserint E. so happy & well D.G. Took another carriage & on to Lermoos Fern Pass beautiful & flowers unbelievable. Arr. Lermoos about 7 Such a happy day. D.G."
10 "at Lermoos. Post such a nice Inn & such friendly people. Lovely morning Procession most touching Children carrying smaller in ages, men some & women some - Schütze lined the aisle. Altars outside houses. Then the Gospel read at them Elevation, firing & Gott erhalte - most touching. E. A. & C. in carriage to Garmisch lovely drive. Arr. before 1. Stopped at Schmölz & saw A. Eichner who remembered us, me especially Garmisch so grown & like a town: & Villa very dull - Walked to Resser Bauer nears storm."
11 Carice: "We made our way slowly home via Verona & renewing their acquaintance with the Bavarian Highlands, which they found rather spoilt with a lot of building, since they were there in the early nineties. We paid a solemn call on Richard Strauss and his wife' my mother being their interpreter. We were amused when Strauss wanted to' show my Father some score or paper of interest, he called out to Frau Strauss who produced a bunch of keys from her underskirt, & duly locked it all up again when they had finished."
12 "Left Garmisch about 9.30 - in nice Stellwagen - nice row of seats to ourselves. Lovely drive to Mittenwald. Stayed at Post - renovated enlarged & very nice! C. & A. thro’ meadow full of flowers - Stormy - After lunch to the Lauter See. Lovely coffee same place as E. & A. years ago - Cows going home with their bells - Heavy storm on way back."
13 "Cold &.stormy.- E. A. & C. in nice Stellwagen to Innsbruck - nice drive - 2 mules put on for the hill by Scharintz - Went to Tiroler Hof - Walked to Church again & arranged for journey. Procession in morning at Mittenwald & Schutzen who fired. Altars outside the houses where the procession stopped & the Evangil was read & there was the Elevation then firing & a verse of Gott erhalte Franz der Kaiser vesy touching A. wept."
14 "Left Innsbruck about 9 or 10. Comfortable journey, quiet train - all night in train. Stopped at Basle - arranged tickets &c & so on - meaning to change at Belfort - then were told Chaumont wd. do, & got out & found it wd. not, just time to get in again & on to Paris. Hotel des deux Mondes"
15 "Arrived Hotel des deux Mondes about 6 - Immediately Baths. & such comfort. E. & C. out to dine. A. too tired & dined in Hotel. Mr. Whittemore came to see us late."
16 "Left about 9 for England. Good journey. Sea perfectly calm. Met Marian Sturn née Speyer in boat. to Langham, E. on to 22 Old Qn St. & A. took C. to Miss Paget & stayed by her souse at Langham. D.G. for safe return - & beautiful days."
17 "A. very busy shopping &c - then to Old Queen St. C. & May to tea."
18 Carice: "Back in London, they engaged a young Frenchman Arsène Jaulnay, to be valet who proved a great success & we settled down to life at Hereford again."
19 "E. to Hut with Frank - A. very busy at home re-settling house -"
20 "E. at The Hut. A. rested in bed till luncheon time."
21 "A. very busy. E. had lovely drive with Frank to Dorchester - A. into town Connolly cab."
22 "E. returned corridor - Connelly cab. Arsène Jaulnay arrived - Connolly cab. Hodges & Bevan began repapering &c Study."
23 "Not nice weather. E. raser porsley. C. & May with Rose &c to Symphony, Landon Ronald conducting -"
24 Elgar writes to Alfred Littleton: "Here is the little Elegy you asked for - if it will not do, never mind - tear it up. It is not very original I fear but it is well meant"
25 Elgar writes to Binyon: "I have only this moment returned home after a long absence abroad & find your letter. I am still in search of a libretto & thank you very much for thinking of me in connection with the beautiful Chinese story. I fear however that I could not project myself into that milieu & could not feel music for it - although as you say it's distinctly a musical subject. This I feel but I feel it is not for my music."
26 "Study finished. E. & A. to Brockhampton. Fosters sent car - Pouring almost all day & very chilly - Fires - pleasant visit Mrs. Clive there & Hussies. Back about 5. C. returned corridor, Connolly cab."
27 "E. a little better. A. & C. to Church at 8 -"
28 "E. raser better. A. & C. busy still settling &c."
29 "Bad weather but improving. E. not out much."
30 "Weather improving"

July

3
Bleriot makes a flight of 26 miles in 40 minutes.

4
At Wimbledon, Arthur Gore becomes the oldest men's winner at 41, beating Major Ritchie 6-8, 1-6, 6-2, 6-2, 6-2

12
The U.S. Congress proposes a 16th Amendment to the Constitution, which would permit income tax.

19
The English airman Hubert Latham fails in the first attempt to fly the Channel.

July
1 "E. getting ready for cycle excursions & looking up sketches - &c. A. into town for plate chest & brought Canon Gorton back to lunch Connolly cab."
2 "E. to Stoke, riding some of the way with his luggage bags - Lovely day - Had a nice ride after tea with May -"
3 "E. home to lunch enjoyed his excursion. Lovely day - C. to tea with G. Jones. E. for ride later. Loving the country & scenery -"
4 "A. to Church at 8. E. & C. to Belmont & ride afterwards. Lovely day - Mr. Hull to tea - E. & C. for ride afterwards."
5 "E. & C. for ride before lunch - E. finishing short orch. piece - Afternoon rather stormy & ungenial."
6 Francesco Berger writes from the Philharmonic Society: "Dear and honoured Master, Is there any hope of your Violin Concerto being ready by 9 March next? And if so, may we have the privilege of producing it at our concert on that night?"
7 "E. to London 7.40 train, Connelly cab. chilly grey day Thunder storm in London. E. saw Pippa & wrote from Club. Repapering &c E. & A.'s room begun -"
8 "Nicer day. A.& C. lunched & dined out of doors out of way of paint. E. telegraphed that he had delightful aftn - Kneller Hall. (Marching Song to be performed). Was to dine with Dean of Westminster in Evening. A. & C. to Fest. Rehearsal noble nos. - A. thought dreary, very sad - Apostles heavenly!"
9 "E. went down to the Hut time for dinner. Very cold weather - Pippa there & Mrs. Swinton. A. busy with house, painting &c going on. C. to Morningtons with Clara for tennis."
10 "E. at Hut - Cold weather & rainy."
11 "A. & C. to Church 8 - E. with Frank to see Lady Radnor, Claude there -"
12 "Very busy trying to get house straight. E. & F. to Hampton Court."
13 "House nearly finished. E. & F. dined with Miss Schuster at Wimbledon. Pippa met them there."
14 "E. home all safes, D.G. Stopped in Oxford on the way. Connolly cab - Vesy peased with house -"
15 "E. & C. for a ride Ullingswick &c -"
16 "Wet & unsummer-like - E. & C. into town."
17 "E. & C. for long ride. Troyte came -"
18 Thomas Beecham writes to Elgar: "I am writing to ask you if you have an opera, either Grand or Light, (short or long) that I would produce. I am concerned in a scheme for giving English Opera in London this coming Winter and I should very much like to give a work of yours. Would you kindly let me know by return."
19 "Troyte left. E. & A. after lunch to Cowarne. Tennis at Mr. Matthews. Much enjoyed their afternoon. E. played bowls. A. pd. 6 calls at Aylstone Hill"
20 "E. raser headachy but asking when is the next garden party - not muss doosin"
21 "Very gray & windy. E. & C. for ride after tea when wind dropped. Too rough to go to Brockhampton Cricket Match."
22 At Plas Gwyn
23 "Grey & rough - Pippa came. E. met her Connolly cab -"
24 "Rough wind - Mrs. Foster came to see Pippa & Mrs Capper & Canon & Mrs. Gorton to tea. E. & A. walked by river - Dr. Sinclair & Mr. Hull to dinner -"
25 Elgar writes to Ivor Atkins: "My dear Firapeel: We were so sorry you both could not come to us: is it possible you could come tomorrow (Monday) sometime. & belike dine & sleep? I want to see you and if that is not inducement enough (if any) Mrs. Worthington is here. The weather is dreadful."
26 "C. to Putley Court. Connelly cab. E. & A. & Pippa to Brockhampton Fosters sent car. Hornby Castle nieces there Saw Church & Convalescent Home on way home - Lovely blue sky & white clouds & a good deal of Sun - is it going to be summer? E. & A. walked by river after tea. Lovely."
27 "Poured the whole day. Grey & chilly. Pippa left. A. to station with her. Connolly cab & A. home in another. E. into town after tea to see Canon Gorton about various Festival points. Pouring - C. at Putley Court. Pippa left Connelly cab - torrents."
28 Elgar writes to Ivor Atkins: "My dear Firapeel: How horrid of you to be in Cults when I am not - and I may pass through sometime. In real professional language I have ‘pencilled’ your date (!!!) which is Aug. 23 and I will come if I can."
29 "E. headache. A. & C. to Hay Castle Connelly cab - Mabel Bailey met us. Pleasant day & very interesting place - Long drive very cold & windy & heavy storm! Nice cultivated people. Walked up from station. E. better -"
30 At Plas Gwyn
31 At Plas Gwyn

August

9
Gaumont releases a coloured version of Louis Feuillade's fiml The Death of Mozart.

15
Desertions by wives in England have increased by a third, and higher prices are blamed.

20
George Bernard Shaw and Thomas Hardy appear before a Commons committee seeking freedom from stage censorship.

25
Shaw's play The Sewing Up of Blanco Posnet is performed despite a censor's ban.

August
1 "E. A. & C. to Belmont Connolly Car - Took Canon Gorton Poured with rain - nearly all day -"
2 Elgar writes to Hans Richter: "It is proposed to give a memorial concert to our dear friend Jaeger sometime in the Autumn in London. I have been asked to enquire if you would be disposed to conduct several pieces by the London Symphony Orchestra?"
3 "Not quite so cold - Troyte rode over from Raglan - He & E. for short tide after tea. A. & C. long walk calls -"
4 "E. to Birmingham 8.43. Troyte with him to Malvern - Lena Sterndale & cousin to lunch - A. drove them to Cathedral Connolly cab. & then on & C. to Tennis Club - no one there to play."
5 "Summer day - at last. E. busy in Ark."
6 Elgar sends Adela Schuster To her beneath whose stedfast star: "Here, at last, is the poem which was set to music more than ten years ago."
7 Richter replies to Elgar: "My dear friend! With greatest pleasure, but the date must be such one on which I shall be free. I shall be in England (Birmingham) on the 12th of September. The weather is murderable; nothing but rain and storm, storm and rain. Yours true Hans Richter"
8 Dorabella is staying at plas Gwyn: "When I arrived I was told how much work there was waiting to be done and how he had 'been so naughty' and would not attend to it. Letters to be written and proofs to be corrected and all sorts of things - 'and he hasn't touched the piano for days. Oh, dear Dora! You will try your best, won't you, to cheer him up? Perhaps he will attend to those proofs - they ought to have gone back days ago!'"
9 Robert Hichens writes to Alice: "May thanks for your kind letter. I do wish I could come on the 26th, but unfortunately I shall have three guests with me that day, & in the afternoon two more arrive. So I cannot escape. But I shall look forward to seeing you in Festival week. I have a seat also for the evening performance of the Thursday, & may stay, if I find the motor drive not too long, & if one can come in day dress in the evenings. I wish to hear Sir Edward’s new chorus if possible."
10 The Elgars visit the de Navarros at Broadway.
11 "Daddy" Mann writes from Cambridge: "May I privately ask you a question.
1. During November I want to have, if I can possibly arrange to pay for it a Concert in the Town Hall and perform:-
2. Tennysons “Ode to Wellington”, set by Stanford.
3. Your Symphony.
of course with the London Symphony Orchestra. My question is this – Could you honour us by coming to conduct your work.
12 Robert Hichens writes again: "Yes, do suggest a visit after the festival, & please remember that the longer it is the more glad I shall be, though I shall not press, or worry you to remain. Probably only my mother will be here, & very likely after the 14th of September may be alone till the 22nd or 23rd. I have got a ticket to hear your symphony at Hereford. Please thank Lady Elgar for sending the programme."
13 Elgar sends Ivor Atkins a sketch from the first Symphony: "Here is your sketch just found & sent as promised. ‘Please note’ that the slow movement is evolved from the quick, as already noted by correct histriographers."
14 "C. to Club tennis & supper with Gortons -"
15 Elgar writes to Fritz Volbach: "I was delighted to receive your letter, and to hear of your doings. I am so glad that the Symphony was such a great success, and I have had great pleasure in reading the score which Hug has sent me to see. It is indeed wholesome good music that makes one feel happy to see and hear."
16 "E. & A. drove in to town Connelly cab. A. drove back."
17 Elgar writes to Carice: "Dear old Fish: The paint & I have been sitting in your Tank this morning & I beg to give you notice to quit forthwith. It is my own Tank, the chair is mine, the table is mine & the view also. P.S. You may select four books & leave the rest."
18 "Miss Paget came at 6 - Connelly cab. E. busy with Music & Ark -"
19 "E. & Miss Paget to Cathedral & in P.M to Kilpeck. Connelly cab to & fro. E. possessed with his music for the Violin Concerto. Last lunch out of doors we fear."
20 "Dr. Sinclair & Miss Blandford to lunch. Foster Chepstow expedition postponed. To town in afternoon. E. busy with Violin Concerto -"
21 "Stormy. With Miss Paget to town & Gortons & to station. Connelly cab. End of very nice pleasant visit. E. & C. to the Duchess & Miss Thomas after dinner took them 2 bottles of wine for first night in new House."
22 "Lovely day, Clear for scenery. E. A. & C. & Canon Gorton to Belmont. Connolly Car. Lovely round afterwards. Mrs. Capper to tea & Olive Gorton & Miss Howson."
23 "C. rather throaty Dr. Collens came. E. to Worcester to rehearse 'Go Song of Mine! - Connelly cab to & fro - Good chorus. A. into town with E. walked back."
24 "dull & rainy Dr. C. to see Carice throat &c E. to Dr. Sinclair & then to station to meet Mr. Sedley Taylor Connelly cab back Jaulnay ran in Local Marathon. The Douglas Pellys came unexpectedly & stayed for tea."
25 "E. took Mr. Sedley Taylor long motor drive. A. to station to meet Mr. Whittemore. Had telegraphed to him not to come if afraid of C.’s throat. C. not down -"
26 "Festival Rehearsal. Miss Bailey to lunch. C. not down - After lunch to Rehearsal Mr. Whittemore meant to leave & was packed & luggage on Cab but when in the Close, gasped "I cannot go", & stayed! The 'Apostles’ so beautiful after other things & then 'Go Song of Mine' wonderful. Sedley Taylor deeply impressed."
27 "Mr. Whittemore left very Early - Sailing next day: Mr. Sedley Taylor to see relations in aftn. C. dined down, S. Taylor & E. much pleasant talk & playing of Bach."
28 "Sedley Taylor left. A. not satisfied about C. at all - She was downstairs -"
29 "Dr. Collens came & said C. had scarlet fever - In hopes of a doubt telephoned to Dr. East who came in aftn. & confirmed it. A. did all the preparations she could - E. left for London about 6 -"
30 "E. in London. A. very busy, all isolating arrangements to be made - Mrs. Williams installed to wait on her (C.) - A. terribly scared - sent for Dr. C. he advised seeing another Dr. Dr. Butler came soon & said it was not s. fever - D.G."
31 "A. at telephone continually hearing about houses, for E. & friends for Fest. in town - E. at Langham or Hut. A. still anxious (scare)"

September

4
The first Boy Scout parade takes place at the Crystal Palace.

12
The highest telephone line in the world is finished in Switzerland. It crosses Monte Rosa.

18
Two suffragettes are jailed for throwing stones at Prime Minister Asquith.

24
Wilbur Wright says that foreign planes should be banned from entering the U.S.A.

September
1 "E. at Hut. Pippa there & Mr. Whittemore some of the time. A. very worried (scare) & busy trying to settle things for house in town -"
2 "A. arranging by telephone for house, terms &c."
3 E. & Frank to Harley House, Hereford. Motored from Hut. Stopped at Gate & spoke to E. over the gate. Very trying." Carice recalled: "I unfortunately contracted scarlet fever just before the Hereford Festival, & instead of the nice party at Plas Gwyn for which all sorts of preparations had been made, my Mother took a large house near the Cathedral and my Father went there with the party, leaving my poor Mother in quarantine with me. I was only allowed to talk to the various friends over the gate, to say nothing of missing all the music & festivities."
4 Dorabella remembered that: "The Elgars had rather a hectic time of it at the Three Choirs Festival at Hereford. They were looking forward to having a jolly house-party for it at Plas Gwyn, but Carice upset all their plans by developing scarlet fever. Nothing daunted, however, they took Harley House, in Hereford, and had their party there. The bedrooms at Harley House were not fitted with bells and E. E. raided a Hereford toy-shop for all sorts of things that would make a noise and these were hung up outside the doors. I should think there were no straight faces among the domestic staff during that Festival."
5 "E. & Frank & others for long Motor drive - Te Deum at afternoon Service."
6 Canon Gorton writes to Alice: "You may be sure that you are constantly in our thoughts. My associations of the festival are so interwoven with your many acts of kindness that I perhaps especially regret the disaster which keeps you a prisoner. Your husband seems in excellent spirits and it seems to do him good."
7 Sinclair conducts The Apostles, with Agnes Nicholls, Phyllis Lett, John Coates, William Higley, Dalton Baker, and Frederic Austin.
8 The Elgars had planned an 'At Home', but: "Miss Elgar thought otherwise!"
9 Ernest Newman writes in the Birmingham Post: "After the luncheon interval, Elgar gave us a performance of the symphony which was easily the finest I have ever heard of the work. When I heard him play it in London he was spasmodic, putting immense nervous force into it now and then, but dropping into comparative apathy in the intervals. To-day he sustained the fire throughout, and gave us the work drawn, as it were, with one good fine sweep of the brush from start to finish."
10 Elgar arranges: "Peddling in Tupsley Parish - For a wager the following competitors will peddle the below named articles round the parish: the first legitimate sale wins the Stakes. Entries: Schuster - Whittemore’s umbrella; Kilburn - A pot of Tiptree Jam; Terry - A volume of Scottish History"
11 "Pippa sailed - Kilburns returned home - Frank & Prof. Terry came up & walked about garden - Then all dispersed & E. returned home -"
12 "A. trying to make house very safe. Burnt paws with too strong Carbolic - rather scared."
13 "Quarantine all this time. E. & A. had walks & E. thought of his musics -"
14 "Quarantine"
15 "Quarantine"
16 "Quarantine"
17 "Quarantine"
18 "Quarantine"
19 "State of Quarantine."
20 "State of Quarantine"
21 William McNaught writes to Elgar: "I was very glad to hear from Lady Elgar that all was going on satisfactorily at Plas Gwyn."
22 "Some Walks - no one came."
23 "E. busy with his Ark & thinking of his musics."
24 Elgar went to Liverpool for first gathering of the Musical League for composers, of which he was President. Arnold Bax recalled: "In September 1909 the self-confident Musical League came to birth amid a great clamour of tickets and taboos, and almost every English composer and outstanding executant made the pilgrimage to Liverpool for this loudly heralded event. Even Elgar and Delius were present and the latter must have been on the committee, for I heard afterwards that, taking no part in the drawing up of the programmes, he only came to life when the question of a festival banquet was discussed and that then his solitary contribution was a West Riding voice reiterating at regular intervals, ‘What ye want is a cawld colleetion!’"
25 "E. at Liverpool - To League Meeting - Then Lord Mayor's Lunch - E. made an important speech, then Concert. Evening Concert & then most festive Lord Mayor's Supper. E. at height of brilliancy - Not back till 2.30 -"
26 "E. & Prof. Terry to London - Prof. Terry's sister & her Husband dined at Langham with E. & Prof. Terry. E. badsley headache."
27 "E. & Prof. Terry to Rehearsal S. James Hall for Birmingham. Prof. Terry described it as “stupendous”."
28 "E. at Rehearsal Queen’s Hall for Birmingham - Ordered nice coes - To Bernard Shaw Play in Evening."
29 "E. in London - waiting to try new coes."
30 "E. returned all well D.G. Most jocund memories of Liverpool & delightful Mayor & Mayoress."

October

4
The seven members of the Norwegian expedition to the Arctic who were presumed dead arrive on a coal steamer at Tromso from Spitzbergen.

9
In New York newspaper owner William Randolph Hearst announces he will run for mayor.

28
Birth of British painter Francis Bacon.

30
Claude Moore-Brabazon wins a £1,000 prize offered by the Daily Mail for a circular flight of one mile.

October
1 "Lovely day. Sunny & hot. E. for a walk & to Political Meeting in evening. Connolly cab."
2 "Very hot & stuffy. E. & A. walked into town. E. thinking of his new Symphony. Made wonderful Circus (poor little Posenpe) in Ark -"
3 "Very wet. Poured most of the day, not out - E. quite inspired with Symphony No. 2 -"
4 Francesco Berger of the Royal Philharmonic Society writes to Elgar: "The Directors are delighted with the Programme you suggest – the only point they beg you to concede is to consent to play “In the South” instead of “Cockaigne” - & this mainly because they have that splendid viola player Lionel Tertis in their orchestra & he would play the Solo so beautifully."
5 "E. busy with his musics. E. to Birmingham Connolly cab - Fine Performance of Symphony in Evening - Carice down again D.G."
6 "E. in Birmingham. A. to Birmingham. Lovely morning. Delightful to get out, enjoyed even the train - Connolly. E. & Prof. Terry met her, then E. met Don Roffredo & he came just almost in time & sat by A. Wonderful almost perfect performance of 'Gerontius'. Lunched & Roffredo with Lady Margaret. Met numbers of friends - Terry & Roffredo saw us to the train. A really perfect day. D.G."
7 "E. to Birm. in aftn. Connolly Cab. to Omar Khayyam in Evening. Thought of tune for Empedocles scena written at Careggi. A. & C. busy sorting & destroying things -"
8 "E. spent the day at Stratford-on-Avon. To Fest. Concert in evening."
9 "E. home early on Saturday morning. Much enjoyed Berlioz Faust."
10 "E. & C. short walk."
11 Elgar writes to Frank Schuster: "I am just off to Southport, Alice with me. Carice goes to Malvern & the dreary procession via Newcastle begins. How I hate it all!"
12 "E. much disliking having to go - Started about 6 train door of cab came off at door! (2 Connelly cabs.) Comfortable journey A. Nicolls got in at Edgehill -"
13 "Stormy & sun in between. Southport. A.M. E. & A. on pier - Rehearsal all afternoon - Beautiful performance of 'The Kingdom' in the Evening. Chorus very beautiful & expressive., To Supper with the Reynolds Landon Ronald there & a nice Mayor & Mayoress."
14 Alice writes to Carice: "Last night was gorgeous quite overwhelmed people. Chorus exquisite good orch. A. Nicholls & Gervase splendid & H. Brown magnificent no one like him. Faser conducted booful absolutely beautiful. Then a party in the Mayor’s parlour & then change & supper with Reynolds – they really are very good &c – We have made quite friends with Landon Ronald he hated going to this supper, told Faser he knew there wd. be “boiled sprouts” & there were! –"
15 "E. A. & Jaulnay to. Newcastle in afternoon for rehearsal. Mrs. Kilburn & A. walked to see Bishop's Palace & in Park -"
16 Alice writes to Carice: "Having a lovely day here, so very beautiful to see. Lunching with Canon & Mrs. Kynaston so delightful – Staying at B. Auckland till Monday"
17 "A. & Mrs. Kilburn to Church, Bishop preached. Touching Service - All for walk in aftn. Watched fish coming up the river & jumping up the weir. Sunny afternoon -"
18 "Left the dear Kilburns in afternoon & to Newcastle via Durham - Newcastle looked awesome wrapt in smoke & fog - Gloomy Station Hotel. To rehearsal in Eveng. heard some of Safonoff’s rehearsal, conducting in his shirt sleeves - nice Mr. Pattinson -"
19 Alice writes to Carice: "Faser is, I hope very happy, & Mr. Pattinson whom we have known at Herts. for years, & who is now tracked to his lair! has the most wonderful Laboratory all lined with glass - & has taken Faser there – It is an enormous impossible town. I cd. never go out alone, so took Jaulnay & bought some epoch making stockings – all trams & crowds of business & working men – Jaulnay is in a state of delight & getting on very well."
20 Newcastle: "E. took A. to see the Bridge & the Cathedral - In Evening dined with dear old Mr. & Mrs. Pattinson Mr. Swan there & the dear Kilburns - Then on to Opening Concert. So hot A. fled after 1st piece. E. did not stay long."
21 "This was a wonderful day. Magnificent performance of 'The Kingdom', beautiful Chor. & Orch. & perfect Soloists. Herbert Brown, fine. Then a glorious rendering of the Symphony. E. conducted magnificently. Then Concert in Evening, C. Butt sang the 'Sea Pictures' magnificently. Then E. & A. changed & with Jaulnay embarked in train at 1.20 for Aberdeen. Went to Chairman's supper & inst."
22 "Arr. at Aberdeen about 7.30 a.m. Slept splendidly. Prof. Terry met us & motored us out to Westerton Breakfasted, bathed, &c E. for walk after lunch - then the great banquet in Evg. Prof. Terry spoke splendidly & sd. beautiful unforgettable things of E., & E. made a noble speech. Lord Aberdeen very nice -"
23 "Started, E. & A. & Prof. & Mrs. Terry, about 11 in Car for Ballater. Cloudy but kept fine. Lovely drive, petrol leaked & we walked about while it was mended, lunched at Ballater & then back. Very nice expedition Dull people at dinner."
24 "Very wet & wild all day. Nobody out for walk. Prof. & Mrs. Bailey came to dinner - liked Prof. Bailey."
25 Elgar writes to Carice: "Dearest fish face, We have safely clomb down from the Highlands & are at rest in this very nice Hotel – Newcastle Hotel was a horror – loud & noisy. We had a lovely banquet & speeches – you shd receive a paper containing oracular jerkations on the part of the Pottoni! They are reported fairly well. I am so tired of travelling about but the paint is radiant. Jaulnay does well & is getting quite clever about trains, hotels & luggage. No news only I wants to be home so muss."
26 E. to Hull - Met Orch. there Had a great ovation & success. A. (York) to lunch at the Nobles & with them to Concert Vio. & Piano recital. Back to tea & lost her souse returning. Kind Sister saw her to Hotel."
27 "E. at Doncaster A. met him at Station (York) passing through - Very great success at Concert. A. all by her souse at Station Hotel."
28 "E at Middlesboro’ A. saw E. & all Orch. at York Station on way through. A. went to stay with Nobles - & to Paderewski Recital - Dreadfully cold."
29 "E. at Nottingham Very fine Concert rather tried with the Piano Concerto. A. with the Nobles Went to the Theatre, Very very cold -"
30 "E. returned with a slight cold. A. met him waited long time on desolate platform. Walked about York in afternoon & dined with the Nobles in Evening. Mr. N. played to us in the Minster in the dark. Prelude to Gerontius most touching also Dithyramb B. Harwood. A. returned to Hotel."
31 Elgar writes to Nicholas Kilburn: "My dear Greatest Auk! Here we are resting & the net bag of the tour is a bad cold. This comes of invading the regions of the Great Auk with Southern orchestras. We had a good time but I t hought of Ninefields (1) the fish (2) the pumps (3) Mrs Kilburn (4) in the above order all the time. Please tell No 4 that if she is good - say till Christmas - my affection may place her 3rd or anyhow above the pumps."

November

4
Rachmaninov makes his American debut.

5
Birth of actress Katharine Hepburn.

23
The Wright brothers form a million. dollar corporation for commercial aircraft manufacture.

25
In London, the Budget is defeated in the House of Lords.

November
1 "Left York for Leeds. Queen's Hotel. Mr. Embleton established us in nice suite & met us at Station. Good rehearsal. Dr. Coward & Mr. Embleton wd. tell the Chorus of the Bavarian words after rehearsal. E. to a merry supper of Mr. Embleton's & Committee."
2 "at Leeds. Pouring day could not go out."
3 Elgar conducted a concert of his music at Leeds.
4 "E. with Mr. Embleton in the A.M. to see Engine works - Very very fine performance of the 'Apostles' in Eveng. Chorus rich & beautiful 2 poor Soloists. Much impression made. The Leeds C. Union seem to look upon the work as their very own - with deep love."
5 "E. & A. left Leeds at about 11 - Splendid journey home - 2 Connolly cabs. Found all charming & nice -"
6 "E. & A. busy clearing up &c."
7 Elgar writes to Windflower: "I am turning out my accumulated travel papers, letters, billets-doux &c & among the second-named (not the third!) I find your note of Nov 2. Now P.G. Alice will have replied I think but as she is resting in her room with a cold I only sit in the sun in my study looking like Hans Sachs without his beard & stoutness & say I am to be at the Langham on Tuesday & that A. of P.G. joins me on Thursday or Friday & we dine with you when & where you please: it is given to you to command but I doubt if the subscriber will accept orders (save from New York!)"
8 "E. busy clearing up -"
9 "E. (& Jaulnay) to London - Connolly cab. E. to Mr. L. Williams then to see Ramsdens in Evening."
10 "E. at Langham. to Novellos - H. Hall &c &c. A. busy preparing to join him."
11 Elgar conducted the opening concert of the Royal Philharmonic Society season.
12 "E. & A. doing various things E. to Mr. L. Williams - In Evening dined with S. Wortleys - Mr. Villiers there - & all to Play. 'Lorrimer Labroton, Dramatist'."
13 Elgar writes to Windflower: "I did really enjoy the play last night - but it made me thoughtful & stupid: I don't mean that the main thought of the play affected me - an impossible position never does & no man could have passed on his work I suggested - but the side issues made me silent, which was good for you after all."
14 The Elgars are staying with the Speyers at Ridgehurst: "Very stormy - E. not out for walk driven back by rain. Mr. Binyon came before lunch - Very nice - Returned in Evening. Very pleasant day."
15 "E. to London - to Mr. L. Williams. Mr. Pollock & Mrs. Silver to London also. E. back about 5. Very cold bitter day. A. for walk with Mr. & Mrs. Speyer in grounds."
16 "E. in bed all the morning - Cold badsley."
17 Elgar writes to Windflower: "at Ridgehurst & still in bed - I know you are very angry with me - but I did my best to come - The climate is too much for me & I have succumbed - rather early in the season this time."
18 "E. & A. left Ridgehurst. A. early to Mr. L. Williams. Then to lunch with Margaret, After lunch with M. to Grafton Galleries. Then Langham - E. not worse but we had to stay in -"
19 "at Langham. E. not worse but not able to be out A. shopping &c - Miss Paget & Carice & Richard to tea - E. & A. to dine at the Edgar Speyers. Very pleasant. Lady Charlie, Maudie & Margaret, Frank - Darenburgs, &c &c about 20 to 30 - A. Littletons, Sir G. Warrender - Lyttleton"
20 "E. & A. & C. (Miss Paget brought her to Paddington) home - All safe D.G. 2 Connolly cabs - E. not worse - Troyte came soon after we arrived - House all warm & delightful -"
21 "E. badsley cold. but not worse - A. to Church at 11 - E. & Troyte for walk."
22 "Troyte left. E. badsley cold & A. not down."
23 "E. & A. badsley colds -"
24 "E. & A. badsley colds -"
25 Elgar writes to Frank Schuster: "Here we are in gloom. Alice is nursing a cold in bed & I am creeping about under Doctor’s orders – cough &c – I begin to believe in Doctors for he says I must be worrying over something as there’s no reason it (the cold &c) shd. go on: the poor man thinks it’s nerves over composition – when it’s only heart break for something or somebody else – clever of him! Do tell us of your movements & programme. It is deadly dull here & enough to drive me to despair – and the world is so nice & waiting for me – if I cd. only get to it."
26 "E. still badsley. A. to meeting at Col. Hewat's re Conservative Assn. 1st time out for many days -"
27 "E. still badsley cold. Tried short walk. E. had most touching letter from the dear Prof. Sanford. The Prof. thought he had not long to live & sd. most loving farewell -"
28 "A. to Church (Connelly cab) but felt badsley & scurried home again. E. more cold -"
29 "E. very porsley with his cold - but his head full of musics."
30 "E. very keen to write Cycle of Songs, Gilbert Parker's words - The 2 first beautiful."

December

2
The Union of South Africa is created.

4
Foundation of the University of Bristol.

17
King Leopold II of the Belgians dies.

31
The Manhattan Bridge in New York opens.

December
1 "E. in bed & room all day. Dr. Collens came. His head full of his new Song Cycle. A. into town -"
2 Gilbert Parker writes to Elgar about setting his poems: "I am delighted. Do as you wish. It is enough for me to have the Master of English Music enshrine my words and give them a chance of life beyond their own moment."
3 Alice notes: "1st Anniversary of 1st performance of the Symphony -"
4 "E. better & down to lunch -"
5 "C. to Church - E. still porsley not so well as Saturday -"
6 "E. slightly better but porsley in afternoon -"
7 Elgar writes to Ivero Atkins: "I’m a lost thing! Only out of bed for a few hours. I’ll let you know if I ever get well enough to see anyone again."
8 "E. headache but cough better."
9 "A. C. & Mary James to Malvern Concert Club Concert. Very nice, splendid playing A. too mis to like anythg."
10 "E. porsley headachy &c - Cd. not take anytg."
11 Elgar writes to Windflower: "Alas! I am not well - & nothing to get better for."
12 "E. a shade better allowed to eat solids again."
13 "E. a little better. All this most dreadfully dull time - so bad for E -"
14 "E. much better. playing glorious March tune. Walked into town in morning with C."
15 "E. not quite so well - Very cold too cold to go out. Dreadfully dull -"
16 "Very very cold."
17 Very cold -
18 "E. much better D.G. Troyte came in afternoon. with Sketches & his photographs."
19 "E. & Troyte a short walk & in Connolly Car in aftn. to Dinmore & Hampton Court. Wonderful scenery, clear, sharp light. Saw Emus & Kangaroo in Hampton Ct. Park -"
20 "Mrs. H. Wood died, a very noble & sweet woman. Troyte left in the morning."
21 Elgar writes to Windflower: "Alice is busy amending everyone's conscience to the 25th which is quarter-day & a variety of disagreeable things also including Noel. Best wishes to you all & love irrespective of Xtian continuations of heathen festivals"
22 "E. busy writing Songs."
23 "E. very busy with new tunes Sent beautiful song 'The Torch' to Messrs. N. Into town & to bridge to see River in flood -"
24 "River flooded. To Hampton Bishop walked E. & C. to see the River - E. thinking of Song for March Trio. A. & C. to tea with Dr. Sinclair & to Cathedral to hear Carols."
25 "E. A. & C. to Belmont. Connolly car. Very beautiful there - E. arranging the words 'The King's Way' for Song March Trio tune. "
26 "E. headache - not out - A. & C. to town to Church. Dr. Sinclair to lunch. Then Connolly Car to Dinmore, Hampton Ct. & back. by Sutton through some flood. Lovely Spring like day & scenery. Dr. S. much delighted - E. going on with 'The Kingsway’"
27 "E. worked all day finishing & orchestrating the Song 'The King's Way' A. so peased that it cd. be used - Raining. E. & C. not out. C. to help Mrs. F. James' Waif & Stray Dance -"
28 "Windy but mild. E. into town - Connolly cab. Nice telsegram in Evening saying all safes. He took up the Song "King's Way" A. longing to hear Boosey's views. A. into town, tea at Castle Hill - E. to the Follies."
29 "Rejoiceful telegram from E. before lunch saying "Song causes delight" quite overjoyed to hear this - E. dined with Stuart Wortleys."
30 "E. in town. Dined with Littletons - A. & C. to committee Room & worked. Connolly cab there - A. preparing to start Early next day."
31 "A. left by 9.55 train - & Jaulnay. Found E. at Langham. Had her hair done - Then to Sir G. Lewis - at 8.15. Dinner to 67 - Evening recptn. & theatricals most amusing, Crackers Songs, Caps on - E. pink & blue headdress! On returning found Booseys' letter to A. with cheque for £3.3.0 for words of The Kingsway - E. knew all about it! A. muss peased - & so delighted the Song was to be published. nice lovesly ending to year -"

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